Helium anomalies suggest a fluid pathway from mantle to trench during the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake.

Sano, Yuji, Hara, Takahiro, Takahata, Naoto, Kawagucci, Shinsuke, Honda, Makio, Nishio, Yoshiro, Tanikawa, Wataru, Hasegawa, Akira and Hattori, Keiko (2014) Helium anomalies suggest a fluid pathway from mantle to trench during the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. Open Access Nature Communications, 5 . p. 3084. DOI 10.1038/ncomms4084.

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Abstract

Geophysical evidence suggests that fluids along fault planes have an important role in generating earthquakes; however, the nature of these fluids has not been well defined. The 2011 magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake ruptured the interface between the subducting Pacific plate and the overlying Okhotsk plate. Here we report a sharp increase in mantle-derived helium in bottom seawater near the rupture zone 1 month after the earthquake. The timing and location indicate that fluids were released from the mantle on the seafloor along the plate interface. The movement of the fluids was rapid, with a velocity of ~4 km per day and an uncertainty factor of four. This rate is much faster than what would be expected from pressure-gradient propagation, suggesting that over-pressurized fluid is discharged along the plate interface.

Document Type: Article
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1038/ncomms4084
ISSN: 2041-1723
Related URLs:
Projects: FLOWS
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2014 10:33
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2015 11:31
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/24339

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