Structure and transport of the Iceland Scotland Overflow plume along the Reykjanes Ridge in the Iceland Basin.

Kanzow, Torsten and Zenk, Walter (2014) Structure and transport of the Iceland Scotland Overflow plume along the Reykjanes Ridge in the Iceland Basin. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 86 . pp. 82-93. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.11.003.

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Abstract

Highlights:
• We present results from a current meter array and hydrographic observations on the eastern flank of Reykjanes Ridge, Iceland Basin.
• The June 2000–August 2002 average volume transport for the Iceland Scotland Overflow Water (ISOW) plume is 3.8±0.6 Sv.
• Our flux estimate compares favorably with historical observations and recent model results.
• Downstream drainage of ISOW through Charlie–Gibbs Fracture Zone only accounts for 60% of our ISOW transport estimate
• Periods of stronger flow coincide with a higher fraction of ambient water in the ISOW plume.

Abstract:
Here we present results from a combined moored current meter/hydrography array deployed within the Iceland Scotland Overflow Water (ISOW) plume on the eastern flank of Reykjanes Ridge approximately 1000 km downstream of Faroe Bank Channel (FBC) between June 2000 and August 2002. Based on the array measurements during this period the ISOW plume exhibited a time mean volume transport of 3.8±0.6 Sv (standard error, 1 Sv=106 m3/s). The transport estimate favorably compares with other recent estimates obtained by different methods, confirming that the fate of the ISOW plume downstream of the array is far from being fully understood. Historical observations show that drainage of ISOW through Charlie–Gibbs Fracture Zone (CGFZ) only amounts to 60% of our upstream transport estimate. To date, no reliable transport estimates of the fractions of ISOW recirculating within the Iceland Basin or being drained through fracture zones other than CGFZ do exist. Our observed 2-years-long transport time series show pronounced subseasonal variability with a standard deviation of 1.3 Sv. Simultaneous hydrographic observations reveal, that temporal changes in the strength of the flow go along with changes in the water mass properties. Periods of stronger flow within the ISOW plume coincide with a reduction in salinity.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000334256500007
Keywords: North Atlantic; Iceland Basin; Reykjanes Ridge; Overflow transport; Current meter observations; POSEIDON; POS261; POS293; Meteor; M50
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
AWI
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.11.003
ISSN: 0967-0637
Related URLs:
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2014 07:35
Last Modified: 17 Aug 2017 13:27
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/24364

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