Late Cretaceous paleoenvironmental evolution of the Tarfaya Atlantic coastal Basin, SW Morocco.

Aquit, M., Kuhnt, Wolfgang, Holbourn, Ann, Chellai, E., Stattegger, Karl, Kluth, O. and Jabour, H. (2013) Late Cretaceous paleoenvironmental evolution of the Tarfaya Atlantic coastal Basin, SW Morocco. Cretaceous Research, 45 . pp. 288-305. DOI 10.1016/j.cretres.2013.05.004.

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Abstract

Lithological evidence, benthic foraminiferal census counts, and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) scanner-derived elemental data were integrated with planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and bulk carbonate stable isotopes to retrace the Turonian to early Campanian paleoenvironmental evolution and sea-level history of the Tarfaya Atlantic coastal basin (SW Morocco). The lower Turonian is characterized by laminated organic-rich deposits, which contain impoverished benthic foraminiferal assemblages, reflecting impingement of the oxygen minimum zone on the shelf during a sea-level highstand. This highstand level is correlated to the global transgressive pulse above the sequence boundary Tu1. The appearance of low-oxygen tolerant benthic foraminiferal assemblages dominated by Gavelinella sp. in the middle to upper Turonian indicates an improvement in bottom water oxygenation, probably linked to offshore retraction of the oxygen minimum zone during a regressive phase. This interval is marked by major regressive events expressed by a series of erosional truncations associated with the prominent sequence boundaries Tu3 and/or Tu4. Dysoxic–anoxic conditions recorded in the upper Santonian of the Tarfaya Basin coincide with the eustatic sea-level rise prior to Sa3 sequence boundary. The lower Campanian transgression, only recorded in the southern part of the Tarfaya Basin, coincided with substantial deepening, enhanced accumulation of fine-grained clay-rich hemipelagic sediments and improved oxygenation at the seafloor (highest diversity and abundance of benthic foraminiferal assemblages). Stable isotope data from bulk carbonates are tentatively correlated to the English Chalk carbon isotope reference curve, in particular the Hitch Wood Event in the upper Turonian, the Navigation Event in the lower Coniacian, the Horseshoe Bay Event in the Santonian and the Santonian/Campanian Boundary Event.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 Aquit, Mohamed Kuhnt, Wolfgang Holbourn, Ann Chellai, El Hassane Stattegger, Karl Kluth, Oliver Jabour, Haddou
Keywords: Benthic foraminifera, XRF scanning, Stable isotopes, Upper Cretaceous, Sea-level change, Tarfaya basin
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.cretres.2013.05.004
ISSN: 0195-6671
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2014 08:49
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2019 09:29
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/24808

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