On the environmental effectiveness of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive.

Bertram, Christine and Rehdanz, Katrin (2013) On the environmental effectiveness of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Marine Policy, 38 . pp. 25-40. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.05.016.

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Abstract

Marine and coastal ecosystems – and thus the benefits they create for humans – are subject to increasing pressures and competing usages. For this reason, the European Union (EU) adopted the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD), which is to guide future maritime policy in the EU and aims at achieving or maintaining a good environmental status (GES) of European seas by 2020. To this end, the MSFD requires the development of improvement measures, which have to be assessed inter alia by examining their cost-effectiveness and by carrying out cost-benefit analysis (CBA) before their implementation. This paper investigates the applicability of environmental CBA in the marine context. It identifies and discusses problems that could hamper the environmental effectiveness of the MSFD. For example, the fact that marine ecosystem services are much less tangible than terrestrial ones implies greater challenges for the quantification of benefits for society in a marine context. One finding is that the limitations of environmental valuation methods regarding their ability to capture the whole total economic value of improvement measures are a potential source of problems, as the MSFD allows countries to disregard measures with disproportionately high costs. The trans-boundary nature of the main European seas adds to the complexity of the valuation task, e.g., due to the danger that benefits that occur outside of national territories are neglected. Moreover, the current state of knowledge on the functioning of complex marine ecosystems and the links to socio-economic impacts and human well-being seem insufficient to meet the MSFD requirements.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 6 Bertram, Christine Rehdanz, Katrin
Keywords: Cost-benefit-analysis, Ecosystem services, Environmental valuation, EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive, Europe
Research affiliation: Kiel University
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.marpol.2012.05.016
ISSN: 0308-597X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2014 08:52
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 20:07
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/24834

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