Internal dynamics of NPZD type ecosystem models.

Heinle, Anna and Slawig, Thomas (2013) Internal dynamics of NPZD type ecosystem models. Ecological Modelling, 254 . pp. 33-42. DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.01.012.

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The marine ecosystem is an essential part of the Earth's carbon cycle. Therefore, to create model-based scenarios of the future of the Earth's climate, it is inevitable to consider the relevant processes of this system within numerical simulations. In the last two decades, a wide range of submodels of varying complexity have been established representing the marine ecosystem. Their specific behaviour and characteristic responses to, e.g., external forcings, however, are only merely understood. In this study, we present a mathematical method to assess the fundamental behaviour of such models. Three marine ecosystem models of NPZD type, varying in their formulation of phytoplankton loss and zooplankton loss, are analyzed. Following the qualitative theory of dynamical systems, model specific behaviours as well as similarities of the individual models are revealed. For each model, three equilibria are detected and their stability properties are analyzed. Parameters that significantly affect the model solutions are pointed out. Parameter constellations and initial values that cause characteristic model behaviours are determined and discussed. The results obtained provide the basic, theoretical knowledge which is essentially needed to use models in an effective and appropriate way.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 1 Heinle, A. Slawig, T.
Keywords: Marine ecosystem, Model, Dynamics, Equilibria, Quality
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R07
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R05
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R11
Kiel University
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.01.012
ISSN: 0304-3800
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2014 09:20
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 22:15

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