The dynamic Arctic.

Jakobsson, Martin, Ingólfsson, Ólafur, Long, Antony J. and Spielhagen, Robert F. (2014) The dynamic Arctic. Open Access Quaternary Science Reviews, 92 . pp. 1-8. DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.03.022.

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Abstract

Research campaigns over the last decade have yielded a growing stream of data that highlight the dynamic nature of Arctic cryosphere and climate change over a range of time scales. As a consequence, rather than seeing the Arctic as a near static environment in which large scale changes occur slowly, we now view the Arctic as a system that is typified by frequent, large and abrupt changes. The traditional focus on end members in the system - glacial versus interglacial periods - has been replaced by a new interest in understanding the patterns and causes of such dynamic change. Instead of interpreting changes almost exclusively as near linear responses to external forcing (e.g. orbitally-forced climate change), research is now concentrated on the importance of strong feedback mechanisms that in our palaeo-archives often border on chaotic behaviour. The last decade of research has revealed the importance of on-off switching of ice streams, strong feedbacks between sea level and ice sheets, spatial and temporal changes in ice shelves and perennial sea ice, as well as alterations in ice sheet dynamics caused by shifting centres of mass in multi-dome ice sheets. Recent advances in dating techniques and modelling have improved our understanding of leads and lags that exist in different Arctic systems, on their interactions and the driving mechanisms of change. Future Arctic research challenges include further emphases on rapid transitions and untangling the feedback mechanisms as well as the time scales they operate on.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000337198400001
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.03.022
ISSN: 0277-3791
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Transdrift
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2014 08:54
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2016 13:43
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/25459

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