Shear-wave velocity structure of the Chilean subduction zone (39-40 S) based on Rayleigh wave dispersion: evidence of fluid release and melts in the mantle beneath the Villarrica volcano.

Thorwart, Martin, Dzierma, Yvonne, Lieser, Kathrin, Buhs, Heiko and Rabbel, Wolfgang (2015) Shear-wave velocity structure of the Chilean subduction zone (39-40 S) based on Rayleigh wave dispersion: evidence of fluid release and melts in the mantle beneath the Villarrica volcano. In: The Role of Volatiles in the Genesis, Evolution and Eruption of Arc Magmas. , ed. by Zellmer, G. F., Edmonds, M. and Straub, S. M.. Geological Society London Special Publications, 410 . Geological Society, London, pp. 59-70. ISBN 978-1-86239-689-0 DOI 10.1144/SP410.9.

Full text not available from this repository. (Contact)

Supplementary data:

Abstract

A seismic network operated from December 2008 to November 2009 in south-central Chile covering the Chile subduction zone from c. 39°S to 40°S. This segment of the subduction zone includes the highly active Villarrica volcano and the maximum slip area of the 1960 Mw 9.5 earthquake. We applied surface wave dispersion analysis to data from a linear array of broadband stations and to records of four areal sub-arrays. Fifty regional and teleseismic events were used to produce dispersion curves of Rayleigh waves. From the dispersion curves, we determined depth functions of the shear-wave velocity for 4 subregions of the subduction zone: the Coastal Range, the Central Valley, the Volcanic Arc and the Back-arc Region in Argentina. The resulting models reveal the structure of the crust and the depth of the Moho discontinuity. Below the volcanic arc, the shear-wave velocities of the continental mantle are reduced by c. 7% with respect to a background value of 4.3 km s−1. This low-velocity zone coincides with a zone of reduced electrical resistivity that was previously determined from magnetotelluric measurements. The combined occurrences of minima in the S-wave velocity and resistivity can be interpreted as an indicator of partial melts.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: shear wave velocity, fluid release, subduction zone, dispersion analysis,south-central Chile
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Kiel University
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1144/SP410.9
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2014 12:46
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 18:21
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/25487

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item