The surface diurnal warm layer in the Indian Ocean during CINDY/DYNAMO.

Matthews, Adrian J., Baranowski, Dariusz B., Heywood, Karen J., Flatau, Piotr J. and Schmidtko, Sunke (2014) The surface diurnal warm layer in the Indian Ocean during CINDY/DYNAMO. Journal of Climate, 27 . pp. 9101-9122. DOI 10.1175/jcli-d-14-00222.1.

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A surface diurnal warm layer is diagnosed from Seaglider observations, and develops on half the days in the CINDY/DYNAMO Indian Ocean experiment. The diurnal warm layer occurs on days of high solar radiation flux (> 80 W m−2) and low wind speed (< 6 m s−1), and preferentially in the inactive stage of the Madden–Julian Oscillation. Its diurnal harmonic has an exponential vertical structure with a depth scale of 4–5 m (dependent on chlorophyll concentration), consistent with forcing by absorption of solar radiation. The effective sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly due to the diurnal warm layer often reaches 0.8°C in the afternoon, with a daily mean of 0.2°C, rectifying the diurnal cycle onto longer time scales. This SST anomaly drives an anomalous flux of 4 W m−2 that cools the ocean. Alternatively, in a climate model where this process is unresolved, this represents an erroneous flux that warms the ocean. A simple model predicts a diurnal warm layer to occur on 30–50% of days across the tropical warm pool. On the remaining days, with low solar radiation and high wind speeds, a residual diurnal cycle is observed by the Seaglider, with a diurnal harmonic of temperature that decreases linearly with depth. As wind speed increases, this already weak temperature gradient decreases further, tending towards isothermal conditions.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Indian Ocean, Atmosphere-ocean interaction, Madden-Julian oscillation, Diurnal effects, Intraseasonal variability
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1175/jcli-d-14-00222.1
ISSN: 0894-8755
Projects: GROOM
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2014 11:56
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2015 14:37

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