Variability in the South Atlantic Anticyclone and the Atlantic Niño mode.

Lübbecke, Joke F. , Burls, Natalie J., Reason, Chris J. C. and McPhaden, Michael J. (2014) Variability in the South Atlantic Anticyclone and the Atlantic Niño mode. Open Access Journal of Climate, 27 (21). pp. 8135-8150. DOI 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00202.1.

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Abstract

Sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the eastern equatorial Atlantic are connected to modulations in the strength of the South Atlantic subtropical high-pressure system, referred to as the South Atlantic Anticyclone (SAA). Using ocean and atmosphere reanalysis products we show here that the strength of the SAA from February to May impacts the timing of the cold tongue onset and the intensity of its development in the eastern equatorial Atlantic (EEA) via anomalous tropical wind power. This modulation of the timing and amplitude of the seasonal cold tongue development manifests as anomalous SST events peaking between June and August. The timing and impact of this connection is not completely symmetric for warm and cold events. For cold events, an anomalously strong SAA in February and March leads to positive wind power anomalies from February to June resulting in an early cold tongue onset and subsequent cold SST anomalies in June and July. For warm events the anomalously weak SAA persists until May, generating negative wind power anomalies that lead to a late cold tongue onset as well as a suppression of the cold tongue development and associated warm SST anomalies. Mechanisms by which SAA induced wind power variations south of the equator influence EEA SST are discussed, including ocean adjustment via Rossby and Kelvin wave propagation, meridional advection, and local intraseasonal wind variations

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000344131500011
Keywords: Sea surface temperature, Air-sea interaction, Interannual variability, Tropical variability
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00202.1
ISSN: 0894-8755
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2014 09:43
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2017 07:46
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/25857

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