High-frequency seismic radiation from Maule earthquake (Mw 8.8, 2010 February 27) inferred from high-resolution backprojection analysis.

Palo, M., Tilmann, F., Krüger, F., Ehlert, L. and Lange, Dietrich (2014) High-frequency seismic radiation from Maule earthquake (Mw 8.8, 2010 February 27) inferred from high-resolution backprojection analysis. Open Access Geophysical Journal International, 199 (2). pp. 1058-1077. DOI 10.1093/gji/ggu311.

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Abstract

The Maule earthquake (2010 February 27, Mw 8.8, Chile) broke the subduction megathrust along a previously locked segment. Based on an international aftershock deployment, catalogues of precisely located aftershocks have become available. Using 23 well-located aftershocks, we calibrate the classic teleseismic backprojection procedure to map the high-frequency seismic radiation emitted during the earthquake. The calibration corrects traveltimes in a standard earth model both with a static term specific to each station, and a ‘dynamic’ term specific to each combination of grid point and station. The second term has been interpolated over the whole slipping area by kriging, and is about an order of magnitude smaller than the static term. This procedure ensures that the teleseismic images of rupture development are properly located with respect to aftershocks recorded with local networks and does not depend on accurate hypocentre location of the main shock.

We track a bilateral rupture propagation lasting ∼160 s, with its dominant branch rupturing northeastwards at about 3 km s−1. The area of maximum energy emission is offset from the maximum coseismic slip but matches the zone where most plate interface aftershocks occur. Along dip, energy is preferentially released from two disconnected interface belts, and a distinct jump from the shallower belt to the deeper one is visible after about 20 s from the onset. However, both belts keep on being active until the end of the rupture. These belts approximately match the position of the interface aftershocks, which are split into two clusters of events at different depths, thus suggesting the existence of a repeated transition from stick-slip to creeping frictional regime.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been published in Geophysical Journal International ©2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Keywords: Earthquake source observations; Wave propagation; Subduction zone processes
Research affiliation: GFZ
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1093/gji/ggu311
ISSN: 0956-540X
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 07:51
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2018 09:20
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26051

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