An intercomparison between AMSR-E snow-depth and satellite C- and Ku-band radar backscatter data for Antarctic sea ice.

Kern, Stefan, Ozsoy-Cicek, Burcu, Willmes, Sascha, Nicolaus, Marcel, Haas, Christian and Ackley, Stephen (2011) An intercomparison between AMSR-E snow-depth and satellite C- and Ku-band radar backscatter data for Antarctic sea ice. Annals of Glaciology, 52 (57). pp. 279-290.

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Abstract

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) snow-depth data for Antarctic sea ice are compared with ship-based visual observations of snow depth, ice type and ridged-ice fraction, and with satellite C-band and Ku-band radar backscatter observations for two ship cruises into the Weddell Sea (ISPOL 2004–05, WWOS 2006) and one cruise into the Bellingshausen Sea (SIMBA 2007) during late winter/spring. Most (>75%) AMSR-E and ship-based snow-depth observations agree within 0.2 m during WWOS and SIMBA. Remaining observations indicate substantial underestimations of snow depths by AMSR-E data. These underestimations tend to increase with the ridged-ice fraction for WWOS and SIMBA. In areas with large snow depths, a combination of relatively stable low C-band radar backscatter and variable Ku-band radar backscatter is associated with undeformed first-year ice and may indicate snow metamorphism at this time of year during SIMBA. In areas with small snow depths, a combination of relatively stable low Ku-band radar backscatter, high C-band radar backscatter and low C-band radar backscatter standard deviations is associated with rough first-year ice during SIMBA. This information can help to better understand causes of the observed AMSR-E snow-depth bias during late-winter/spring conditions with decreasing average snow depth and to delineate areas where this bias occurs.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Snow-depth; Wedell Sea; Bellingshausen Sea; Antarctic sea ice
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 0260-3055
Projects: Polynya, Laptev Sea System
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
  • ISPOL 2004-05
  • WWOS 2000
  • SIMBA 2007
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 12:07
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2014 12:07
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26212

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