Variations in the elemental ratio of organic matter in the central Baltic Sea: Part I—Linking primary production to remineralization.

Kreus, Markus, Schartau, Markus , Engel, Anja , Nausch, Monika and Voss, Maren (2015) Variations in the elemental ratio of organic matter in the central Baltic Sea: Part I—Linking primary production to remineralization. Continental Shelf Research, 100 . pp. 25-45. DOI 10.1016/j.csr.2014.06.015.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights:
• Elemental C:N:P variations of organic matter are simulated at monitoring site BY15.
• No N2 fixation needed to explain observed PO4PO4 and pCO2pCO2 levels after spring bloom.
• Model features relevance of DOP production and remineralization for N2 fixation.
• Model estimates of annual N2 fixation are View the MathML source297±24mmolNm-2a-1.
• Model estimates of annual total production are View the MathML source14.16±0.71molCm-2a-1.

Abstract:
For most marine ecosystems the growth of diazotrophic cyanobacteria and the associated amount of nitrogen fixation are regulated by the availability of phosphorus. The intensity of summer blooms of nitrogen (N2) fixing algae in the Baltic Sea is assumed to be determinable from a surplus of dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) that remains after the spring bloom has ended. But this surplus DIP concentration is observed to continuously decrease at times when no appreciable nitrogen fixation is measured. This peculiarity is currently discussed and has afforded different model interpretations for the Baltic Sea. In our study we propose a dynamical model solution that explains these observations with variations of the elemental carbon-to-nitrogen-to-phosphorus (C:N:P) ratio during distinct periods of organic matter production and remineralization. The biogeochemical model resolves seasonal C, N and P fluxes with depth at the Baltic Sea monitoring site BY15, based on three assumptions: (1) DIP is utilized by algae though not needed for immediate growth, (2) the uptake of dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) is hampered when the algae׳s phosphorus (P) quota is low, and (3) carbon assimilation continues at times of nutrient depletion. Model results describe observed temporal variations of DIN, DIP and chlorophyll-a concentrations along with partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2)(pCO2). In contrast to other model studies, our solution does not require N2 fixation to occur shortly after the spring bloom to explain DIP drawdown and pCO2pCO2 levels. Model estimates of annual N2 fixation are View the MathML source297±24mmolNm-2a-1. Estimates of total production are View the MathML source14200±700mmolCm-2a-1, View the MathML source1400±70mmolNm-2a-1, and View the MathML source114±5mmolPm-2a-1 for the upper 50 m. The models C, N and P fluxes disclose preferential remineralization of P and of organic N that was introduced via N2 fixation. Our results are in support of the idea that P uptake by phytoplankton during the spring bloom contributes to the consecutive availability of labile dissolved organic phosphorus (LDOP). The LDOP is retained within upper layers and its remineralization affects algal growth in summer, during periods of noticeable N2 fixation.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000355348200003
Keywords: Ecosystem model; Variable stoichiometry; Nitrogen fixation; Preferential remineralization; Biogeochemical budgets; Baltic Sea
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
HZG
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.csr.2014.06.015
ISSN: 0278-4343
Projects: SOPRAN
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 13:08
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:42
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26218

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