Assessing introduction risk using species' rank-abundance distributions.

Chan, F. T., Bradie, J., Briski, Elizabeta , Bailey, S. A., Simard, N. and MacIsaac, Hugh J. (2015) Assessing introduction risk using species' rank-abundance distributions. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B : Biological Sciences, 282 (1799). p. 20141517. DOI 10.1098/rspb.2014.1517.

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Abstract

Mixed-species assemblages are often unintentionally introduced into new ecosystems. Analysing how assemblage structure varies during transport may provide insights into how introduction risk changes before propagules are released. Characterization of introduction risk is typically based on assessments of colonization pressure (CP, the number of species transported) and total propagule pressure (total PP, the total abundance of propagules released) associated with an invasion vector. Generally, invasion potential following introduction increases with greater CP or total PP. Here, we extend these assessments using rank-abundance distributions to examine how CP : total PP relationships change temporally in ballast water of ocean-going ships. Rank-abundance distributions and CP : total PP patterns varied widely between trans-Atlantic and trans-Pacific voyages, with the latter appearing to pose a much lower risk than the former. Responses also differed by taxonomic group, with invertebrates experiencing losses mainly in total PP, while diatoms and dinoflagellates sustained losses mainly in CP. In certain cases, open-ocean ballast water exchange appeared to increase introduction risk by uptake of new species or supplementation of existing ones. Our study demonstrates that rank-abundance distributions provide new insights into the utility of CP and PP in characterizing introduction risk

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000345624600004
Keywords: ballast water; colonization pressure; community structure; invasion vectors; invasive species; propagule pressure
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1098/rspb.2014.1517
ISSN: 1471-2954
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2014 07:51
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:48
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26236

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