North Atlantic multi-decadal variability - mechanisms and predictability.

Keenlyside, Noel S., Ba, Jin, Mecking, Jennifer, Omrani, Nour-Eddine, Latif, Mojib , Zhang, R. and Msadek, R. (2015) North Atlantic multi-decadal variability - mechanisms and predictability. In: Climate Change: Multidecadal and Beyond. , ed. by Chang, Chih-Pei, Ghil, Michael, Latif, Mojib and Wallace, Mike. World Scientific Series on Asia-Pacific Weather and Climate, 6 . World Scientific Publishing Company, Singapure, pp. 141-157. ISBN 978-9814579926 DOI 10.1142/9789814579933_0009 .

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Abstract

The North Atlantic Ocean undergoes pronounced basin-wide, multi-decadal variations. The corresponding fluctuations in sea surface temperature (SST) have become known as the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) or Atlantic multidecadal variability (AMV). AMV is receiving increasing attention for three key reasons: (1) it has been linked to climate impacts of major socio-economic importance, such as Sahel rainfall; (2) it may temporarily mask anthropogenic global warming not only in the North Atlantic Sector, but over the Northern Hemisphere (NH); and (3) it appears to be predictable on decadal timescales. This chapter provides an overview of current understanding of AMV, summarizing proposed mechanisms, our ability to simulate and predict it, as well as challenges for future research.

Document Type: Book chapter
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1142/9789814579933_0009
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2014 09:45
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2015 09:43
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26251

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