Disturbance characteristics determine the timescale of competitive exclusion in a phytoplankton model.

Göthlich, Lena and Oschlies, Andreas (2015) Disturbance characteristics determine the timescale of competitive exclusion in a phytoplankton model. Ecological Modelling, 296 . pp. 126-135. DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.10.033.

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Abstract

Highlights:
• Different disturbance–diversity relationships in phytoplankton are still unresolved.
• We modelled phytoplankton under different types of disturbance.
• Diversity is increased by disturbance in comparison with a chemostat.
• The disturbance–diversity relationship depends on the type of disturbance.
• Disturbance increases the timescale of competitive exclusion.

Abstract:
The way in which disturbance shapes phytoplankton diversity is still subject to much debate. Various disturbance–diversity relationships have been proposed, with diversity increasing or decreasing with the intensity or frequency of disturbance, or peaking at intermediate levels. A key problem in this discussion is the use of different concepts of “disturbance”, which can encompass both positive and negative effects on phytoplankton. To investigate how different modes of disturbance affect phytoplankton diversity, we subject populations of modelled phytoplankton to different frequencies and intensities of three different disturbance modes: a positive, a negative and a combined positive and negative disturbance mode. A chemostat system, considered undisturbed, is used for comparison. We show that (1) disturbance increases phytoplankton coexistence, (2) the disturbance–diversity relationship depends on the type of disturbance and (3) the effect is transient and disturbances predominantly affect the timescale of competitive exclusion.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000346953200011
Keywords: Phytoplankton diversity, Biogeochemical modelling, Disturbance, Disturbance–diversity relationship, Intermediate Disturbance Hypothesis, Plankton paradox
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > SFB 754 > B1
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2014.10.033
ISSN: 0304-3800
Projects: SFB754, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2014 10:22
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:44
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26262

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