Airborne investigations of summertime katabatic winds and boundary layer structures over the NOW polynya near Greenland.

Ernsdorf, Thomas, Heinemann, Günther and Drüe, Clemens (2011) Airborne investigations of summertime katabatic winds and boundary layer structures over the NOW polynya near Greenland. [Poster] In: 11. European Meteorological Society Annual Meeting & 10. European Conference on Application of Meteorology. , 12.09.-16.09.2011, Berlin .

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Abstract

The aircraft based experiment IKAPOS (Investigation of Katabatic winds and POlynyas during Summer) was performed in June 2010 over northwestern Greenland. The main goals were studies of the summertime katabatic wind system and of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) over the North Water Polynya (NOW). IKAPOS is mainly based on measurements using research aircraft POLAR 5 of Alfred-Wegner-Institute (AWI, Bremerhaven). In order to study the turbulence structure and 3D spatial structures of mean quantities, POLAR 5 was instrumented with a turbulence measurement system collecting data on a nose boom sampling at a rate of 100 Hz, additional basic meteorological equipment, radiation and surface temperature sensors, laser altimeter, and photo and video cameras.
Katabatic winds play a key role in exchange processes of energy and momentum between the atmosphere and the underlying surface over the ice sheet of Greenland. During summer, cooling of the boundary layer and hence the katabatic forcing is much less than during winter, but strong winds can occur under appropriate synoptic forcing. On the other hand, the NOW represents one of the largest polynyas of the Arctic, and the air-sea interaction over the NOW has important consequences for ocean processes, ice formation, gas exchange and biology.
For different synoptic situations four flights over the NOW and one flight each over the Humboldt and the Steenstrup Glaciers were performed. Over the glaciers, katabatic winds with up to 14 m/s wind speed were found. Over the NOW, a stable, but fully turbulent ABL was present during conditions of strong and relatively warm synoptically induced northerly winds. Strong surface inversions were found in the lowest 100 m – 200 m agl. As a consequence of channeling effects at Smith Sound a well-pronounced low-level jet with wind speed maxima of more than 20 m/s was detected. Thus wind-induced sea-ice export from the Nares Strait is considerably increased.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Keywords: Katabatic winds; Polynya; Greenland; IKAPOS
Projects: Polynya, Laptev Sea System
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2014 14:46
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2014 14:46
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26461

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