Role of Cyclonic Eddy in enhancing Primary and New production in the Bay of Bengal.

Singh, Arvind, Gandhi, Naveen, Ramesh, R. and Prakash, S. (2015) Role of Cyclonic Eddy in enhancing Primary and New production in the Bay of Bengal. Journal of Sea Research, 97 . pp. 5-13. DOI 10.1016/j.seares.2014.12.002.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights:
• First direct measurements of new production in an eddy in the Bay of Bengal.
• 100% increase in nutrient concentrations is seen due to the eddy.
• Eddy enhanced new and primary production in the otherwise less productive Bay of Bengal.

Abstract:
Eddies can be important in sustaining primary production in the tropical oceans, but their role for nutrient cycling is poorly understood in the under-sampled northern Indian Ocean. To assess the role of cyclonic eddies in enhancing primary production, measurements of primary production were carried out at four stations in the northern Bay of Bengal during the early winter 2007, around a cyclonic eddy close to 17.8 °N, 87.5 °E. Shallowing of the thermocline and halocline by 10 m was observed within the eddy compared to the surroundings; mixed layer depth was also reduced within the eddy. The highest surface productivity (2.71 μM C d− 1) and chlorophyll a (0.18 μg L− 1) were found within the eddy, while the lowest, at its outer edge. Further, the eddy supplied nutrients to the surface layers, shallowing the subsurface chlorophyll maximum as well. Integrated production in the euphotic top layers was more than twice within eddy compared to its outer edge, confirming the role of cyclonic eddies in enhancing the primary production in the otherwise less productive Bay of Bengal. Given new nitrogen input via vertical mixing, river discharge or aerosol deposition, the additional primary production due to this new nutrient input and its contribution to the total production (f-ratio, fraction of exportable organic matter) increased significantly from 0.4 to 0.7, and thus the Bay of Bengal can potentially transfer a high fraction of its total production to the deep, assisted by eddies. We suggest possible improvements in experiments for future studies, and the potential for assessing the role of eddies in biogeochemistry.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000350084100002
Keywords: Chlorophyll; cyclonic eddy; f-ratio; nutricline; new production; river discharge
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R07
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.seares.2014.12.002
ISSN: 1385-1101
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2014 10:08
Last Modified: 02 May 2017 11:28
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26526

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