Cultivation of a novel cold-adapted nitrite oxidizing betaproteobacterium from the Siberian Arctic.

Alawi, Mashal, Lipski, André, Sanders, Tina, Pfeiffer, Eva-Maria and Spieck, Eva (2007) Cultivation of a novel cold-adapted nitrite oxidizing betaproteobacterium from the Siberian Arctic. ISME Journal, 1 . pp. 256-264. DOI 10.1038/ismej.2007.34.

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Abstract

Permafrost-affected soils of the Siberian Arctic were investigated with regard to identification of nitrite oxidizing bacteria active at low temperature. Analysis of the fatty acid profiles of enrichment cultures grown at 4°C, 10°C and 17°C revealed a pattern that was different from that of known nitrite oxidizers but was similar to fatty acid profiles of Betaproteobacteria. Electron microscopy of two enrichment cultures grown at 10°C showed prevalent cells with a conspicuous ultrastructure. Sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA genes allocated the organisms to a so far uncultivated cluster of the Betaproteobacteria, with Gallionella ferruginea as next related taxonomically described organism. The results demonstrate that a novel genus of chemolithoautotrophic nitrite oxidizing bacteria is present in polygonal tundra soils and can be enriched at low temperatures up to 17°C. Cloned sequences with high sequence similarities were previously reported from mesophilic habitats like activated sludge and therefore an involvement of this taxon in nitrite oxidation in nonarctic habitats is suggested. The presented culture will provide an opportunity to correlate nitrification with nonidentified environmental clones in moderate habitats and give insights into mechanisms of cold adaptation. We propose provisional classification of the novel nitrite oxidizing bacterium as 'Candidatus Nitrotoga arctica'.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Microbial ecology and functional diversity of natural habitats; Cold adaptation; Nitrification; Nitrite oxidation; Permafrost
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1038/ismej.2007.34
ISSN: 1751-7362
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2015 13:51
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2015 14:53
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/26856

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