Humus accumulation and microbial activities in calcari-epigleyic fluvisols under grassland and forest diked in for 30 years.

Dilly, Oliver, Gnaß, Anja and Pfeiffer, Eva-Maria (2005) Humus accumulation and microbial activities in calcari-epigleyic fluvisols under grassland and forest diked in for 30 years. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 37 (11). pp. 2163-2166. DOI 10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.03.014.

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Abstract

The accumulation and transformation of organic matter during soil development is rarely investigated although such processes are relevant when discussing about carbon sequestration in soil. Here, we investigated soils under grassland and forest close to the North Sea that began its genesis under terrestrial conditions 30 years ago after dikes were closed. Organic C contents of up to 99 mg g−1 soil were found until 6 cm soil depth. The humus consisted mainly of the fraction lighter than 1.6 g cm−3 which refers to poorly degraded organic carbon. High microbial respiratory activity was determined with values between 1.57 and 1.17 μg CO2–C g−1 soil h−1 at 22 °C and 40 to 70% water-holding capacity for the grassland and forest topsoils, respectively. The microbial C to organic C ratio showed values up to 20 mg Cmic g−1 Corg. Although up to 2.69 kg C m−2 were estimated to be sequestered during 30 years, the microbial indicators showed intensive colonisation and high transformation rates under both forest and grassland which were higher than those determined in agricultural and forest topsoils in Northern Germany.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Carbon sequestration; Organic carbon; Microbial biomass; Microbial respiration; Reclamation; Soil development
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.03.014
ISSN: 0038-0717
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2015 11:09
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2015 08:49
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/27101

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