Thrust–wrench interference tectonics in the Gulf of Cadiz (Africa–Iberia plate boundary in the North-East Atlantic): Insights from analog models.

Duarte, João C., Rosas, Filipe M., Terrinha, Pedro, Gutscher, Marc-André, Malavieille, Jacques, Silva, Sónia and Matias, Luis (2011) Thrust–wrench interference tectonics in the Gulf of Cadiz (Africa–Iberia plate boundary in the North-East Atlantic): Insights from analog models. Marine Geology, 289 (1-4). pp. 135-149. DOI 10.1016/j.margeo.2011.09.014.

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Abstract

In the Gulf of Cadiz key segment of the Africa-Iberia plate boundary (North-East Atlantic ocean), three main different modes of tectonic interference between a recently identified wrench system (SWIM) and the Gulf of Cadiz Accretionary Wedge (GCAW) were tested through analog sand-box modeling: a) An active accretionary wedge on top of a pre-existent inactive basement fault; b) An active strike-slip fault cutting a previously formed, inactive, accretionary wedge; and c) Simultaneous activity of both the accretionary wedge and the strike-slip fault. The results we obtained and the comparison with the natural deformation pattern favor a tectonic evolution comprising two main steps: i) the formation of the Gulf of Cadiz Accretionary Wedge on top of inactive, Tethyan-related, basement faults (Middle Miocene to similar to 1.8 Ma); ii) subsequent reactivation of these basement faults with dextral strike-slip motion (similar to 1.8 Ma to present) simultaneously with continued tectonic accretion in the GCAW. These results exclude the possibility of ongoing active SWIM wrench system cross-cutting an inactive GCAW structure. Our results also support a new interpretation of the SWIM wrench system as fundamentally resulting from strike-slip reactivation of an old (Tethyan-related) plate boundary

Document Type: Article
Keywords: SWIM wrench system; Gulf of Cadiz Accretionary Wedge (GCAW); thrust-wrench interference; analog modeling; Tethyan-related plate boundary
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.margeo.2011.09.014
ISSN: 0025-3227
Projects: FLOWS
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2015 13:41
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2015 13:41
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/27143

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