Shifting perspectives on coastal impacts and adaptation.

Brown, Sally, Nicholls, Robert J., Hanson, Susan, Brundrit, Geoff, Dearing, John A., Dickson, Mark E., Gallop, Shari L., Gao, Shu, Haigh, Ivan D., Hinkel, Jochen, Jimenez, Jose A., Klein, Richard J. T., Kron, Wolfgang, Lazar, Attila N., Neves, Claudio Freitas, Newton, Alice, Pattiaratachi, Charitha, Payo, Andres, Pye, Kenneth, Sanchez-Arcilla, Agustin, Siddall, Mark, Shareef, Ali, Tompkins, Emma L., Vafeidis, Athanasios, van Maanen, Barend, Ward, Philip J. and Woodroffe, Colin D. (2014) Shifting perspectives on coastal impacts and adaptation. Nature Climate Change, 4 (9). pp. 752-755. DOI 10.1038/nclimate2344.

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Abstract

With the release of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)'s Fifth Assessment Report (AR5)1, climate change has again been identified as an important driver of change. Coasts are particularly vulnerable, as they are directly affected by rising sea levels, storminess and other climate drivers: this is accentuated by other issues and changes such as urbanisation, including indirect landward and seaward influences (for example, reduced water and sediment input due to dams). Adverse consequences include increased flooding, salinization, erosion, and wetland and biodiversity loss1. Several recent extreme meteorological events have caused catastrophic human and economic losses in coastal areas, such as Cyclone Nargis (Myanmar, 2008), Storm Xynthia (France, 2010), Hurricane Sandy (eastern United States, Canada and Caribbean, 2012) and Typhoon Haiyan (Philippines, 2013). Although coasts have always been hazardous places to live, global economic losses have significantly increased in recent decades2. Climate change is exacerbating those risks. This Commentary demonstrates how successive IPCC coastal chapters1,3,4,5,6 have shifted from impacts towards adaptation, assessing the relative role of climate change within a broader environmental framework, with increasing clarity and nuance, despite continuing uncertainties.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 Brown, Sally/I-2662-2014; Ward, Philip/E-6208-2010; Dearing, John/E-4206-2010 Brown, Sally/0000-0003-1185-1962; 0 1
Keywords: Climate-change adaptation, Climate-change impacts
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1038/nclimate2344
ISSN: 1758-678X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 12:02
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2019 09:55
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/27221

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