Composition and distribution of Munnopsidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota), collected during the KuramBio expedition 2012 from the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench area.

Malyutina, Marina V. and Brandt, Angelika (2015) Composition and distribution of Munnopsidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota), collected during the KuramBio expedition 2012 from the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench area. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 111 . pp. 245-255. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.08.016.

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Abstract

The abyssal macrobenthos of the Kuril–Kamchatka Trench (KKT) area was sampled for the first time using a fine-meshed camera-epibenthic sledge (C-EBS) during the German–Russian KuramBio expedition 2012 (RV Sonne, 223 cruise). Crustaceans of the order Isopoda were one of the dominant macrobenthic taxa, and the family Munnopsidae was the most abundant and diverse among 17 collected asellotan families, comprising about 48% of all isopods. During the KuramBio expedition no less than 80 species of 28 genera and eight subfamilies of Munnopsidae were collected with 21 EBS hauls at 12 stations. About 80% species are new to science and half of the genera and the subfamily Lipomerinae are recorded for the first time in the Northwest Pacific. The most abundant and speciose subfamily was Eurycopinae (58% of all specimens and 29 % of species), followed by Ilyarachninae (12% and 16%). Most species are rare and occur with low abundance at one or few stations. Ten most numerous species belonging to the genera Eurycope (5 species), Microcope (2), Disconectes (1), Ilyarachna (1) and Aspidarachna (1) comprised 68% of all munnopsids. The species Eurycope sp.1 and Microcope ovata ( Birstein, 1970) were the most abundant and frequent species, occurring at all stations. The highest abundance of Munnopsidae and high diversity, with 32 species, occurred at station 3–9 on the western slope of the KKT. The cluster analysis of the Bray–Curtis similarity shows a low similarity between stations. The least similar was station 1-10, with only 26% similarity with other stations. Low similarity also characterized station 3–9 (34%). The comparison with known data revealed differences in species composition of Munnopsidae of the abyssal plain of the KKT area and the fauna of adjacent bathyal and hadal zones. Similar ratios of the munnopsid subfamilies and genera and some similar species have been revealed for the KuramBio and ANDEEP areas.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Northwest Pacific; Deep sea; Macrofauna; Janiroidea; Taxonomic composition; R.V. SONNE; SO223
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2014.08.016
ISSN: 0967-0645
Projects: Otto Schmidt Laboratory, KuramBio
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2015 11:47
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2015 10:18
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/27514

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