Simulated anthropogenic CO2 storage and acidification of the Mediterranean Sea.

Palmiéri, J., Orr, J. C., Dutay, J.-C., Béranger, K., Schneider, Anke, Beuvier, J. and Somot, S. (2015) Simulated anthropogenic CO2 storage and acidification of the Mediterranean Sea. Open Access Biogeosciences (BG), 12 (3). pp. 781-802. DOI 10.5194/bg-12-781-2015.

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Abstract

Constraints on the Mediterranean Sea's storage of anthropogenic CO2 are limited, coming only from data-based approaches that disagree by more than a factor of two. Here we simulate this marginal sea's anthropogenic carbon storage by applying a perturbation approach in a high-resolution regional model. Our model simulates that, between 1800 and 2001, basin-wide CO2 storage by the Mediterranean Sea has increased by 1.0 Pg C, a lower limit based on the model's weak deep-water ventilation, as revealed by evaluation with CFC-12. Furthermore, by testing a data-based approach (transit time distribution) in our model, comparing simulated anthropogenic CO2 to values computed from simulated CFC-12 and physical variables, we conclude that the associated basin-wide storage of 1.7 Pg, published previously, must be an upper bound. Out of the total simulated storage of 1.0 Pg C, 75% comes from the air-sea flux into the Mediterranean Sea and 25% comes from net transport from the Atlantic across the Strait of Gibraltar. Sensitivity tests indicate that the Mediterranean Sea's higher total alkalinity, relative to the global-ocean mean, enhances the Mediterranean's total inventory of anthropogenic carbon by 10%. Yet the corresponding average anthropogenic change in surface pH does not differ significantly from the global-ocean average, despite higher total alkalinity. In Mediterranean deep waters, the pH change is estimated to be between -0.005 and -0.06 pH units.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/265103
Additional Information: WOS:000349793100010
Keywords: anthropogenic CO2 storage, Mediterranean Sea, numerical model simulation, transit time distribution, surface acidification
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-PO Physical Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/bg-12-781-2015
ISSN: 1726-4170
Related URLs:
Projects: MedSeA, SiMED, MORCE, MED-ICCBIO, MACROES
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2015 14:40
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2015 09:18
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/27671

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