The impact of OSPAR on protected area management beyond national jurisdiction: Effective regional cooperation or a network of paper parks?.

Matz-Lück, Nele and Fuchs, Johannes (2014) The impact of OSPAR on protected area management beyond national jurisdiction: Effective regional cooperation or a network of paper parks?. Marine Policy, 49 . pp. 155-166. DOI 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.12.001.

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Abstract

Various international treaty bodies and non-governmental organisations continuously urge States to establish a network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction (ABNJ). Although this goal is far from being reached, the OSPAR Convention may serve as an example illustrating the efforts made on a regional level for the North-East Atlantic. However, these efforts to effectively protect the marine environment are subject to limitations under the Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Likewise, the OSPAR Convention itself restricts the scope of such protected areas. The OSPAR Convention does not adequately cover all human uses of the oceans that may interfere with a protected area, and it lacks opportunities for internationalised enforcement measures. Consequently, the responsibility for effective conservation measures under the OSPAR model ultimately remains with individual Contracting Parties, i.e. their commitment to set stricter standards and to agree on their enforcement. Nevertheless, 'soft' obligations such as reporting duties are suitable for collecting data on the need for protection and utilisation of the MPAs. Additionally, cooperation with regional fisheries management bodies allows for better protection of the living resources in these areas. Finally, OSPAR MPAs can draw attention to particularly vulnerable ecosystems and promote conservation standards and measures such as those developed under the auspices of the FAO. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Times Cited: 0 0
Keywords: Marine Protected Areas, Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, OSPAR, Deep seabed, Marine biodiversity, Charlie-Gibbs fracture zone
Research affiliation: Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R02
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.marpol.2013.12.001
ISSN: 0308-597X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2015 12:33
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2019 19:10
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/27819

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