Bathymetric variations in vertical distribution patterns of meiofauna in the surface sediments of the deep Arctic ocean (HAUSGARTEN, Fram strait).

Górska, Barbara, Grzelak, Katarzyna, Kotwicki, Lech, Hasemann, Christiane, Schewe, Ingo, Soltwedel, Thomas and Włodarska-Kowalczuk, Maria (2014) Bathymetric variations in vertical distribution patterns of meiofauna in the surface sediments of the deep Arctic ocean (HAUSGARTEN, Fram strait). Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 91 . pp. 36-49. DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2014.05.010.

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Abstract

Deep-sea benthic communities and their structural and functional characteristics are regulated by surface water processes. Our study focused on the impact of changes in water depth and food supplies on small-sized metazoan bottom-fauna (meiobenthos) along a bathymetric transect (1200–5500 m) in the western Fram Strait. The samples were collected every summer season from 2005 to 2009 within the scope of the HAUSGARTEN monitoring program. In comparison to other polar regions, the large inflow of organic matter to the sea floor translates into relatively high meiofaunal densities in this region. Densities along the bathymetric gradient range from approximately 2400 ind. 10 cm-2 at 1200 m to approximately 300 ind. 10 cm-2 at 4000 m. Differences in meiofaunal distribution among sediment layers (i.e., vertical profile) were stronger than among stations (i.e., bathymetric gradient). At all the stations meiofaunal densities and number of taxa were the highest in the surface sediment layer (0–1 cm), and these decreased with increasing sediment depth (down to 4–5 cm). However, the shape of the decreasing pattern differed significantly among stations. Meiofaunal densities and taxonomic richness decreased gradually with increasing sediment depth at the shallower stations with higher food availability. At deeper stations, where the availability of organic matter is generally lower, meiofaunal densities decreased sharply to minor proportions at sediment depths already at 2–3 cm. Nematodes were the most abundant organisms (60–98%) in all the sediment layers. The environmental factors best correlated to the vertical patterns of the meiofaunal community were sediment-bound chloroplastic pigments that indicate phytodetrital matter.

Highlights

• Small-scale heterogeneity is the main source of variation in meiofauna community.
• Trophic conditions influence vertical patterns of meiofauna distribution.
• Meiofauna abundance and biomass decrease with increasing water depth.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Meiofauna; Arctic Ocean; Deep sea; Sediments; Vertical distribution; HAUSGARTEN
Research affiliation: AWI
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.dsr.2014.05.010
ISSN: 0967-0637
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Transdrift
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2015 12:29
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2015 12:29
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/28011

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