Development of Hydrocarbon Resources of the Barents Sea: Research of the Possible Impact on an Environment and Environmental Protection on the Example of the Shtokman Field Development Project.

Mednik, Mikhail (2011) Development of Hydrocarbon Resources of the Barents Sea: Research of the Possible Impact on an Environment and Environmental Protection on the Example of the Shtokman Field Development Project. (Master thesis), State University of St. Petersburg, Russia ; University of Hamburg, St. Petersburg, Russia ; Hamburg, 109 pp.

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Abstract

Great part of the Russian Arctic shelf mainly located in the zone with heavy ice conditions and lowly developed infrastructure. But exactly these areas are most prospective for oil and gas production. Development of these territories requires use of corresponding technologies. In conditions of the Arctic shelf it is necessary to develop complex of measures for providing of environmental safety of works at exploration and development of hydrocarbon deposits.
Taking into account the scale of environmental risk at development of offshore oil and gas deposits the Law of the Russian Federation stipulates obligatory procedures of estimation of impact on an environment for this activity.
However there is not enough experience of estimation of the impact on an environment at development of large offshore oil and gas projects in Arctic regions. Thus modernization of the complex scientific approach to estimation of impact on an environment appears important and actual.
The objective of the thesis “Development of hydrocarbon resources of the Barents Sea: research of the possible impact on an environment and environmental protection on the example of the Shtokman Field” is working out of the rational system of environmental monitoring at realization of the first phase of complex development of the Shtokman gas and condensate deposit on the basis of generalization and system analysis. Estimation of impact and development of the complex of nature protection measures are executed on the basis of technical and technological decisions.
The main question investigated by the author in this thesis is providing of environmental safety at development of hydrocarbon deposits on the Arctic shelf of Russia.
Environmental problems arising at geophysical researches, drilling of wells from selfelevating floating drilling rigs, construction and operating of sea production complexes and pipelines are analyzed in this thesis. New concept of environmental safety is offered by the author.
In the process of analyzing and generalization of materials the following abstracts were received:
1. Estimation of consequences of complex development of the Shtokman gas and condensate field on an environment;
2. Development of system of measures directed on minimization of negative impact on an environment;
3. Estimation of impact on an environment is executed according International Regulatory Documents;
4. In this thesis is shown that exactly complex gathering and processing of data allow appropriate estimation of the scale and character of basic anthropogenic impact of oil and gas production on ecosystems.
5. The system of environmental safety and complex environmental monitoring which could be potentially considered as the basis for deployment of the system of operational sea environmental monitoring.
Recommendations on organization of regional ecological monitoring for control of offshore ecosystems conditions and new concept of environmental safety are offered in this thesis.

Document Type: Thesis (Master thesis)
Thesis Advisors: Frijia, Gianluca and Evdokimov, Alexander
Keywords: Barents Sea; Shtokman Gas and Condensate field; Environmental Impact Assessment; Ecosystems; Environmental monitoring; Liquidation of oil and petroleum products spills; Measures for reducing of negative impact on an environment
Projects: POMOR
Date Deposited: 08 Apr 2015 07:08
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2015 07:08
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/28199

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