Late Pleistocene-Holocene and recent Ostracoda of the Laptev Sea and their importance for paleoenvironmental reconstructions.

Stepanova, Anna Yu. (2006) Late Pleistocene-Holocene and recent Ostracoda of the Laptev Sea and their importance for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. Paleontological Journal, 40 (Suppl. 2). S91-S204. DOI 10.1134/S0031030106080016.

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Abstract

This work is the first detailed description of the Late Pleistocene-Holocene and Recent Ostracoda of the Laptev Sea. A total of 45 species in 22 genera and 13 families have been identified. All these species are described monographically. Three different ecological assemblages of ostracodes corresponding to different combinations of environmental parameters have been established; they are restricted to three regions of the sea: western-central, eastern, and southern. The recent ostracode assemblages of the Laptev Sea have been compared with those from other Arctic areas and are most similar to those of the Beaufort and Kara seas. Data on recent Ostracoda are used for paleoenvironmental reconstructions on the eastern shelf and western continental slope of the Laptev Sea. For this purpose, ostracodes from five sections obtained from these parts of the sea have been examined. The oldest sediments, which are of Late Pleistocene age (15.8 cal. ka BP), have been recovered in a core from the western continental slope. These yielded five ostracode assemblages, which correspond to different paleoenvironments and replaced each other in the course of the rapid postglacial sea-level rise, thus showing variations in the Atlantic water inflow from the west and freshwater discharge from the subaerially exposed shelf. On the outer shelf of the eastern part of the sea, the rapid sea-level rise in the Early Holocene (lowermost dating 11.3 cal. ka BP) led to a rapid transition from assemblages of brackish-water near-shore environments to those of modernlike normal marine environments; modern environments were established about 8.2 cal. ka ago. Since the core sections from the inner shelf correspond to the time when the level of the sea had already reached its modern values, the changes in the taxonomic composition of ostracode assemblages primarily mirror variations in river runoff.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Laptev Sea; Pleistocene; Holocene; Ostracoda; Recent Ostracoda; Marine sediments; River runoff; Paleoenvironment; Modern times
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1134/S0031030106080016
ISSN: 0031-0301
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost, Otto Schmidt Laboratory
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2015 11:05
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2015 12:01
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/28363

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