A field study of tundra plant litter decomposition rate via mass loss and carbon dioxide emission : the role of biotic and abiotic controls, biotope, season of year, and spatial-temporal scale.

Pochikalov, A. V. and Karelin, D. V. (2015) A field study of tundra plant litter decomposition rate via mass loss and carbon dioxide emission : the role of biotic and abiotic controls, biotope, season of year, and spatial-temporal scale. Biology Bulletin Reviews, 5 (1). pp. 1-16. DOI 10.1134/S2079086415010077.

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Abstract

Although many recently published original papers and reviews deal with plant matter decomposition rates and their controls, we are still very limited in our understanding of these processes in boreal and high latitude plant communities, especially in the permafrost areas of our planet. First and foremost, this is holds true for winter periods. Here, we present the results of two years of field observations in the southern taiga and southern shrub tundra ecosystems in European Russia. We pioneered the simultaneous application of two independent methods: classic mass loss estimation by the litter-bag technique and direct measurement of CO2 emission (respiration) of the same litter bags with different types of dead plant matter. Such an approach allows us to reconstruct the intraseasonal dynamics of the decomposition rates of the main tundra litter fractions with high temporal resolution, to estimate the partial role of different seasons and fragmentation in the process of plant matter decomposition, and to determine its factors under a different temporal scale.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: Original Russian Text © A.V. Pochikalov, D.V. Karelin, 2014, published in Zhurnal Obshchei Biologii, 2014, Vol. 75, No. 3, pp. 163–181.
Keywords: Plant matter decomposition; Permafrost; Southern taiga, Russia; Southern shrub tundra; Russia; Ecosystem; Life sciences; Cell biology; Biochemistry; Zoology; Ecology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1134/S2079086415010077
ISSN: 2079-0864
Projects: Otto Schmidt Laboratory
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2015 08:01
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2015 08:01
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/28591

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