The Miocene Galápagos ash layer record of Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site Legs 334 and 344: Ocean-island explosive volcanism during plume-ridge interaction.

Schindlbeck, Julie C. , Kutterolf, Steffen , Freundt, Armin , Straub, S. M., Wang, K.-L., Jegen, Marion , Hemming, S. R., Baxter, A. T. and Sandoval, M. I. (2015) The Miocene Galápagos ash layer record of Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site Legs 334 and 344: Ocean-island explosive volcanism during plume-ridge interaction. Geology, 43 (7). pp. 599-602. DOI 10.1130/G36645.1.

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Abstract

Drilling at Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1381 on the Cocos Ridge offshore Costa Rica recovered 67 primary Miocene (ca. 8 Ma to ca. 16.5 Ma) marine fallout ash layers. Geochemical, volcanological, and geological criteria link these ashes to Plinian eruptions that carried ash to at least 50–450 km from the Galápagos hotspot. These ash layers are the first documentation of highly explosive Miocene Galápagos hotspot volcanism. This volcanism is bimodal with two-thirds of the tephra layers generated by basaltic magmas (glass compositions <57 wt% SiO2) and one-third by rhyolitic magmas. The temporal distribution of the tephra layers, inferred from sediment accumulation rates calibrated by 40Ar/39Ar and biostratigraphic ages, reveals a distinct increase in eruption frequency and hence increased volcanic activity of the Galápagos hotspot after 14 Ma which we interpret in the context of dynamic interaction between the Galápagos plume and spreading ridge.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Galapagos, explosiver Vulkanismus, Plume-Ridge Interaktionen, Miozän
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-GDY Marine Geodynamics
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1130/G36645.1
ISSN: 0091-7613
Related URLs:
Projects: IODP
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2015 11:25
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2017 12:47
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/28894

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