Explicit Planktic Calcifiers in the University of Victoria Earth System Climate Model, Version 2.9.

Kvale, Karin Frances , Meissner, K. J., Keller, David , Eby, M. and Schmittner, A. (2015) Explicit Planktic Calcifiers in the University of Victoria Earth System Climate Model, Version 2.9. Atmosphere-Ocean, 53 (3). pp. 332-350. DOI 10.1080/07055900.2015.1049112.

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Abstract

Marine calcifiers as a plankton functional type (PFT) are a crucial part of the global carbon cycle, being responsible for much of the carbon export to the deep ocean entering via biological pathways. Deep ocean carbon export through calcifiers is controlled by physiological, ecological, and biogeochemical factors. This paper describes the implementation of a calcifying phytoplankton PFT in the University of Victoria Earth System Climate Model, version 2.9 (UVic ESCM), and mechanistic improvements to the representation of model carbon export (a full calcite tracer, carbonate chemistry dependent calcite dissolution rates, and a ballasting scheme). An iterative method for stabilizing and tuning the biogeochemistry is furthermore described. The UVic ESCM now fills a niche in Earth system modelling that was previously unoccupied in that it is relatively inexpensive to run, yet resolves the complete Earth system carbon cycle including prognostic calcium carbonate and a separate phytoplankton calcifier PFT. The model is now well suited to testing feedbacks between the carbonate and carbon cycles and the climate system as transient simulations. The modifications described improve the UVic ESCM's mechanistic realism without compromising performance with respect to observed carbon and nutrient fluxes. Primary production, export production, particulate organic carbon, and calcite fluxes all fall within independently observed estimates.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000357407000004
Keywords: open ocean, numerical, modelling, biogeochemistry, climate processes
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1080/07055900.2015.1049112
ISSN: 0705-5900
Related URLs:
Projects: Opendap
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2015 08:39
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2019 14:34
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/28980

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