Spatial-temporal water column monitoring using multiple, low-cost GasPro-pCO2 sensors: implications for monitoring, modelling, and potential impact.

Beaubien, S. E., Graziani, S., Annunziatellis, A., Bigi, S., Ruggiero, L., Tartarello, M. C. and Lombardi, S. (2014) Spatial-temporal water column monitoring using multiple, low-cost GasPro-pCO2 sensors: implications for monitoring, modelling, and potential impact. Open Access Energy Procedia, 63 . pp. 3840-3847. DOI 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.413.

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Abstract

Monitoring of the water column in the vicinity of offshore Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) sites is needed to ensure site integrity and to protect the surrounding marine ecosystem. In this regard, the use of continuous, autonomous systems is considered greatly advantageous due to the costs and limitations of periodic, ship-based sampling campaigns. While various geochemical monitoring tools have been developed their elevated costs and complexities mean that typically only one unit can be deployed at a time, yielding single point temporal data but no spatial data. To address this the authors have developed low-cost pCO2 sensors (GasPro-pCO2) that are small, robust, stable, and which have a low power consumption, characteristics which allow for the deployment of numerous units to monitor the spatial-temporal distribution of pCO2, temperature, and water pressure in surface water environments. The present article details the results of three field deployments at the natural, CO2-leaking site near Panarea, Island. While the first consisted of 6 probes placed on the sea floor for a 2.5 month period, the other two involved the deployment of 20 GasPro units along a transect through the water column in the vicinity of active CO2 seeps over 2 – 4 days. Results show both transport and mixing processes and highlight the dynamic nature of the leakage-induced marine geochemical anomalies. Implications for monitoring programs as well as potential impacts are discussed.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/265847
Keywords: offshore CCS; pCO2; spatial-temporal monitoring; Panarea
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.413
ISSN: 1876-6102
Projects: ECO2
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2015 07:02
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2015 07:02
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/29143

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