Optical assessment of impact and recovery of sedimentary pH profiles in ocean acidification and carbon capture and storage research.

Queirós, Ana M., Taylor, Peter, Cowles, Adam, Reynolds, Andy, Widdicombe, Stephen and Stahl, Henrik (2015) Optical assessment of impact and recovery of sedimentary pH profiles in ocean acidification and carbon capture and storage research. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 38 . pp. 110-120. DOI 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.018.

[img] Text
Queiros.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1387Kb)

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Highlights

• pH profiling methods often fall short of marine OA and CCS experimental needs.
• A new optical sensor application (MOPP) helps to meet these needs.
• MOPP identified distinct impact and recovery patterns in different sediment types.
• Patterns depend on sediment characteristics, i.e. buffering capacity and permeability.
• CCS and OA impact assessment thus require consideration of these differences.

Abstract

Available methods for measuring the impact of ocean acidification (OA) and leakage from carbon capture and storage (CCS) on marine sedimentary pH profiles are unsuitable for replicated experimental setups. To overcome this issue, a novel optical sensor application is presented, using off-the-shelf optode technology (MOPP). The application is validated using microprofiling, during a CCS leakage experiment, where the impact and recovery from a high CO2 plume was investigated in two types of natural marine sediment. MOPP offered user-friendliness, speed of data acquisition, robustness to sediment type, and large sediment depth range. This ensemble of characteristics overcomes many of the challenges found with other pH measuring methods, in OA and CCS research. The impact varied greatly between sediment types, depending on baseline pH variability and sediment permeability. Sedimentary pH profile recovery was quick, with profiles close to control conditions 24 h after the cessation of the leak. However, variability of pH within the finer sediment was still apparent 4 days into the recovery phase. Habitat characteristics need therefore to be considered, to truly disentangle high CO2 perturbation impacts on benthic systems. Impacts on natural communities depend not only on the pH gradient caused by perturbation, but also on other processes that outlive the perturbation, adding complexity to recovery.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/265847
Keywords: Acidification; Benthic; Biogeochemistry; CCS; Fluorophore; pH
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.10.018
ISSN: 1750-5836
Projects: ECO2, RISCS, QICS
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2015 08:12
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2015 08:22
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/29191

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...