Population structure and connectivity in Indo-Pacific deep-sea mussels of the Bathymodiolus septemdierum complex.

Breusing, Corinna, Johnson, Shannon B., Tunnicliffe, Verena and Vrijenhoek, Robert C. (2015) Population structure and connectivity in Indo-Pacific deep-sea mussels of the Bathymodiolus septemdierum complex. Open Access Conservation Genetics, 16 (6). pp. 1415-1430. DOI 10.1007/s10592-015-0750-0.

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Abstract

Current pressures to mine polymetallic sulfide deposits pose threats to the animal communities found at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Management plans aimed at preserving these unusual communities require knowledge of historical and contemporary forces that shaped the distributions and connectivity of associated species. As most vent research has focused on the eastern Pacific and mid-Atlantic ridge systems less is known about Indo-Pacific vents, where mineral extraction activities are imminent. Deep-sea mussels (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) of the genus Bathymodiolus include the morphotypic species B. septemdierum, B. brevior, B. marisindicus, and B. elongatus which are among the dominant vent taxa in western Pacific back-arc basins and the Central Indian Ridge. To assess their interpopulational relationships, we examined multilocus genotypes based on DNA sequences from four nuclear and four mitochondrial genes, and allozyme variation encoded by eleven genes. Bayesian assignment methods grouped mussels from seven widespread western Pacific localities into a single cluster, whereas the Indian Ocean mussels were clearly divergent. Thus, we designate two regional metapopulations. Notably, contemporary migration rates among all sites appeared to be low despite limited population differentiation, which highlights the necessity of obtaining realistic data on recovery times and fine-scale population structure to develop and manage conservation units effectively. Future studies using population genomic methods to address these issues in a range of species will help to inform management plans aimed at mitigating potential impacts of deep-sea mining in the Indo-Pacific region.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000363957700012
Keywords: Allozymes; Bathymodiolus; Gene flow; mtDNA; Nuclear markers
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Marine Evolutionary Ecology
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s10592-015-0750-0
ISSN: 1566-0621
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2015 06:52
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2017 09:50
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/29288

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