Interactions of gelatinous zooplankton within marine food webs.

Jaspers, Cornelia, Acuna, J. L. and Brodeur, R. D. (2015) Interactions of gelatinous zooplankton within marine food webs. Journal of Plankton Research, 37 (5). pp. 985-988. DOI 10.1093/plankt/fbv068.

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Abstract

Gelatinous zooplankton (GZ) comprise a taxonomically and functionally diverse group of marine organisms which includes ctenophores, cnidarians and pelagic tunicates, sharing a soft, mostly transparent body texture, a high body water content and a lack of exoskeleton. They range in size from less than a millimetre to nearly 2 m for the cnidarian jellyfish Nemopilema nomurai, and comprise some of the fastest growing metazoans on Earth (Hopcroft et al., 1998), sometimes surpassing crustacean zooplankton in their contribution to secondary production (i.e. in subtropical waters; Jaspers et al., 2009). They feed on a wide range of prey sizes, with predator–prey ratios comparable in some cases to those of baleen whales and krill (Deibel and Lee, 1992), and with prey removal rates which are similar to those of their non-gelatinous competitors (Acuña et al., 2011). In spite of early work pointing to gelatinous zooplankton as a trophic dead end (Verity and Smetacek, 1996), evidence is rapidly accumulating which shows that they may potentially channel energy from the picoplankton-sized, microbial loop organisms up to the higher trophic levels, including fish (Llopiz et al., 2010). However, this pathway is still largely neglected in most food web investigations even though it is now becoming clear that GZ represent a major fraction of the diet of several commercially important fish species such as bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) (Cardona et al., 2012).

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000361993700012
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EV Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Fishes
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1093/plankt/fbv068
ISSN: 0142-7873
Projects: BONUS BIO-C3
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2015 09:00
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2017 09:00
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/29419

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