Mid-ocean ridge basalt generation along the slow-spreading, South Mid-Atlantic Ridge (5–11°S): Inferences from 238U–230Th–226Ra disequilibria.

Turner, Simon, Kokfelt, Thomas, Hauff, Folkmar , Haase, Karsten, Lundstrom, Craig, Hoernle, Kaj , Yeo, Isobel and Devey, Colin (2015) Mid-ocean ridge basalt generation along the slow-spreading, South Mid-Atlantic Ridge (5–11°S): Inferences from 238U–230Th–226Ra disequilibria. Open Access Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 169 . pp. 152-166. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2015.07.036.

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Abstract

U-series disequilibria have provided important constraints on the physical processes of partial melting that produce basaltic magma beneath mid-ocean ridges. Here we present the first 238U–230Th–226Ra isotope data for a suite of 83 basalts sampled between 5°S and 11°S along the South Mid-Atlantic Ridge. This section of the ridge can be divided into 5 segments (A0–A4) and the depths to the ridge axis span much of the global range, varying from 1429 to 4514 m. Previous work has also demonstrated that strong trace element and radiogenic isotope heterogeneity existed in the source regions of these basalts. Accordingly, this area provides an ideal location in which to investigate the effects of both inferred melt column length and recycled materials. 226Ra–230Th disequilibria indicate that the majority of the basalts are less than a few millennia old such that their 230Th values do not require any age correction. The U–Th isotope data span a significant range from secular equilibrium up to 32% 230Th excess, also similar to the global range, and vary from segment to segment. However, the (230Th/238U) ratios are not negatively correlated with axial depth and the samples with the largest 230Th excesses come from the deepest ridge segment (A1). Two sub-parallel and positively sloped arrays (for segments A0–2 and A3 and A4) between (230Th/238U) and Th/U ratios can be modelled in various ways as mixing between melts from peridotite and recycled mafic lithologies. Despite abundant evidence for source heterogeneity, there is no simple correlation between (230Th/238U) and radiogenic isotope ratios suggesting that at least some of the trace element and radiogenic isotope variability may have been imparted to the source regions >350 kyr prior to partial melting to produce the basalts. In our preferred model, the two (230Th/238U) versus Th/U arrays can be explained by mixing of melts from one or more recycled mafic lithologies with melts derived from chemically heterogeneous peridotite source regions.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: South Atlantic ; mid ocean ridge basalt ; Uranium Series ; 238U-230Th-226Ra disequilibria ; melting dynamics
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2015.07.036
ISSN: 0016-7037
Projects: SPP 1144 "From Mantle to Ocean"
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2015 11:50
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 23:38
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/29469

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