Missing western half of the Pacific Plate: Geochemical nature of the Izanagi-Pacific Ridge interaction with a stationary boundary between the Indian and Pacific mantles.

Miyazaki, Takashi, Kimura, Jun-Ichi, Senda, Ryoko, Vaglarov, Bogdan S., Chang, Qing, Takahashi, Toshiro, Hirahara, Yuka, Hauff, Folkmar , Hayasaka, Yasutaka, Sano, Sakae, Shimoda, Gen, Ishizuka, Osamu, Kawabata, Hiroshi, Hirano, Naoto, Machida, Shiki, Ishii, Teruaki, Tani, Kenichiro and Yoshida, Takeyoshi (2015) Missing western half of the Pacific Plate: Geochemical nature of the Izanagi-Pacific Ridge interaction with a stationary boundary between the Indian and Pacific mantles. Open Access Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 16 (9). pp. 3309-3332. DOI 10.1002/2015GC005911.

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Abstract

The source mantle of the basaltic ocean crust on the western half of the Pacific Plate was examined using Pb–Nd–Hf isotopes. The results showed that the subducted Izanagi–Pacific Ridge (IPR) formed from both Pacific (180–∼80 Ma) and Indian (∼80–70 Ma) mantles. The western Pacific Plate becomes younger westward and is thought to have formed from the IPR. The ridge was subducted along the Kurile–Japan–Nankai–Ryukyu (KJNR) Trench at 60–55 Ma and leading edge of the Pacific Plate is currently stagnated in the mantle transition zone. Conversely, the entire eastern half of the Pacific Plate, formed from isotopically distinct Pacific mantle along the East Pacific Rise and the Juan de Fuca Ridge, largely remains on the seafloor. The subducted IPR is inaccessible; therefore, questions regarding which mantle might be responsible for the formation of the western half of the Pacific Plate remain controversial. Knowing the source of the IPR basalts provides insight into the Indian–Pacific mantle boundary before the Cenozoic. Isotopic compositions of the basalts from borehole cores (165–130 Ma) in the western Pacific show that the surface oceanic crust is of Pacific mantle origin. However, the accreted ocean floor basalts (∼80–70 Ma) in the accretionary prism along the KJNR Trench have Indian mantle signatures. This indicates the younger western Pacific Plate of IPR origin formed partly from Indian mantle and that the Indian–Pacific mantle boundary has been stationary in the western Pacific at least since the Cretaceous.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Mantle, Isotope, Pacific plate, Composition of the mantle, Radiogenic isotope geochemistry, Geochemical cycles, IODP Sites 197, 303 and 404
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/2015GC005911
ISSN: 1525-2027
Projects: DSDP, ODP, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2015 11:53
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2018 09:49
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/29824

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