Dissolved silicon isotopic compositions in the East China Sea: Water mass mixing vs. biological fractionation.

Cao, Zhimian, Frank, Martin and Dai, Minhan (2015) Dissolved silicon isotopic compositions in the East China Sea: Water mass mixing vs. biological fractionation. Limnology and Oceanography, 60 (5). pp. 1619-1633. DOI 10.1002/lno.10124.

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We present the first set of dissolved silicon isotope data in seawater (delta Si-30(Si(OH)4)) from the East China Sea, a large and productive marginal sea significantly influenced by the Kuroshio Current and freshwater inputs from the Changjiang (Yangtze River). In summer (August 2009), the lowest surface delta Si-30(Si(OH)4) signatures of +2.1 parts per thousand corresponding to the highest Si(OH)(4) concentrations (similar to 30.0 mu mol L-1) were observed nearshore in Changjiang Diluted Water. During advection on the East China Sea inner shelf, surface delta Si-30(Si(OH)4) increased rapidly to +3.2 parts per thousand while Si(OH)(4) became depleted, indicating increasing biological utilization of the Si(OH)(4) originating from the Changjiang Diluted Water. This is also reflected in the water column profiles characterized by a general decrease of delta Si-30(Si(OH)4) and an increase of Si(OH)(4) with depth on the East China Sea mid-shelf and slope. In winter (December 2009-January 2010), however, the delta Si-30(Si(OH)4) was nearly constant at +1.9 parts per thousand throughout the water column on the East China Sea shelf beyond the nearshore, which was a consequence of enhanced vertical mixing of the Kuroshio subsurface water. Horizontal admixture of Kuroshio surface water, which is highly fractionated in Si isotopes, was observed only beyond the shelf break. Significant seasonal differences in delta Si-30(Si(OH)4) were detected in the surface waters beyond the Changjiang Diluted Water-influenced region on the East China Sea shelf, where the winter values were similar to 1.0 parts per thousand lower than those in summer, despite the same primary Si(OH)(4) supply from the Kuroshio subsurface water during both seasons. This demonstrates significantly higher biological consumption and utilization of Si(OH)(4) in summer than in winter.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: dissolved silicon isotope data, seawater, East China Sea
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1002/lno.10124
ISSN: 0024-3590
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2015 11:55
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2018 08:42
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30122

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