No observed effect of ocean acidification on nitrogen biogeochemistry in a summer Baltic Sea plankton community

Paul, Allanah J., Achterberg, Eric P., Bach, Lennart T., Boxhammer, Tim, Czerny, Jan, Haunost, Mathias, Schulz, Kai G., Stuhr, Annegret and Riebesell, Ulf (2016) No observed effect of ocean acidification on nitrogen biogeochemistry in a summer Baltic Sea plankton community Biogeosciences (BG), 13 . pp. 3901-3913. DOI 10.5194/bg-13-3901-2016.

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Abstract

Nitrogen fixation by filamentous cyanobacteria supplies significant amounts of new nitrogen (N) to the Baltic Sea. This balances N loss processes such as denitrification and anammox and forms an important N source supporting primary and secondary production in N-limited post-spring bloom plankton communities. Laboratory studies suggest that filamentous diazotrophic cyanobacteria growth and N2-fixation rates are sensitive to ocean acidification with potential implications for new N supply to the Baltic Sea. In this study, our aim was to assess the effect of ocean acidification on diazotroph growth and activity as well as the contribution of diazotrophically-fixed N to N supply in a natural plankton assemblage. We enclosed a natural plankton community in a summer season in the Baltic Sea near the entrance to the Gulf of Finland in six large-scale mesocosms (volume ~ 55 m3) and manipulated fCO2 over a range relevant for projected ocean acidification by the end of this century (average treatment fCO2: 365–1231 μatm). The direct response of diazotroph growth and activity was followed in the mesocosms over a 47 day study period during N-limited growth in the summer plankton community. Diazotrophic filamentous cyanobacteria abundance throughout the study period and N2-fixation rates (determined only until day 21 due to subsequent use of contaminated commercial 15N-N2 gas stocks) remained low. Thus estimated new N inputs from diazotrophy were too low to relieve N limitation and stimulate a summer phytoplankton bloom. Instead regeneration of organic N sources likely sustained growth in the plankton community. We could not detect significant CO2-related differences in inorganic or organic N pools sizes, or particulate matter N : P stoichiometry. Additionally, no significant effect of elevated CO2 on diazotroph activity was observed. Therefore, ocean acidification had no observable impact on N cycling or biogeochemistry in this N-limited, post-spring bloom plankton assemblage in the Baltic Sea.

Document Type: Article
Funder compliance: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7/228224
Keywords: ocean acidification, nitrogen biogeochemistry, plankton, summer, Baltic Sea
Research affiliation: OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-CH Chemical Oceanography
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.5194/bg-13-3901-2016
ISSN: 1726-4170
Projects: KOSMOS, Future Ocean, BIOACID, SOPRAN, MESOAQUA
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2015 13:19
Last Modified: 03 Nov 2016 12:32
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30124

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