Evidence of gas hydrate from downhole logging data in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea.

Kim, Gil Young, Yi, Bo Yeon, Yoo, Dong Geun, Ryu, Byong Jae and Riedel, Michael (2011) Evidence of gas hydrate from downhole logging data in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 28 (10). pp. 1979-1985. DOI 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2011.01.011.

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Abstract

The Gas Hydrate Research and Development Organization (GHDO) of Korea successfully accomplished both coring (hydraulic piston and pressure coring) and logging (logging-while-drilling, LWD, and wireline logging) to investigate the presence of gas hydrate during the first deep drilling expedition in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea of Korea (referred to as UBGH1) in 2007. The LWD data from two sites (UBGH1-9, UBGH1-10) showed elevated electrical resistivity (>80 Ω-m) and P-wave velocity (>2000 m/s) values indicating the presence of gas hydrate. During the coring period, the richest gas hydrate accumulation was discovered at these intervals. Based on log data, the occurrence of gas hydrate is primarily controlled by the presence of fractures. The gas hydrate saturation calculated using Archie’s relation shows greater than 60% (as high as ∼90%) of the pore space, although Archie’s equation typically overestimates gas hydrate saturation in near-vertical fractures. The saturation of gas hydrate is also estimated using the modified Biot-Gassmann theory (BGTL) by Lee and Collett (2006). The saturation values estimated rom BGTL are much lower than those calculated from Archie’s equation. Based on log data, the hydrate-bearing sediment section is approximately 70 m (UBGH1-9) to 130 m (UBGH1-10) in thickness at these two sites. This was further directly confirmed by the recovery of gas hydrate samples and pore water freshening collected from deep drilling core during the expedition. LWD data also strongly support the interpretation of the seismic gas hydrate indicators (e.g., vent or chimney structures and bottom-simulating reflectors), which imply the probability of widespread gas hydrate presence in the Ulleung Basin.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: LWD; Gas hydrate; Ulleung Basin; East Sea
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2011.01.011
ISSN: 0264-8172
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2015 12:53
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2015 12:53
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30133

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