Geothermal modeling of the gas hydrate stability zone along the Krishna Godavari Basin.

Shankar, Uma, Riedel, Michael and Sathe, A. V. (2010) Geothermal modeling of the gas hydrate stability zone along the Krishna Godavari Basin. Marine Geophysical Researches, 31 (1-2). pp. 17-28. DOI 10.1007/s11001-010-9089-6.

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Abstract

A wide-spread bottom simulating reflector (BSR), interpreted to mark the thermally controlled base of the gas hydrate stability zone, is observed over a close grid of multichannel seismic profiles in the Krishna Godavari Basin of the eastern continental margin of India. The seismic data reveal that gas hydrate occurs in the Krishna Godavari Basin at places where water depths exceed 850 m. The thickness of the gas hydrate stability zone inferred from the BSR ranges up to 250 m. A conductive model was used to determine geothermal gradients and heat flow. Ground truth for the assessment and constraints on the model were provided by downhole measurements obtained during the National Gas Hydrate Program Expedition 01 of India at various sites in the Krishna Godavari Basin. Measured downhole temperature gradients and seafloor-temperatures, sediment thermal conductivities, and seismic velocity are utilized to generate regression functions for these parameters as function of overall water depth. In the first approach the base of gas hydrate stability is predicted from seafloor bathymetry using these regression functions and heat flow and geothermal gradient are calculated. In a second approach the observed BSR depth from the seismic profiles (measured in two-way travel time) is converted into heat flow and geothermal gradient using the same ground-truth data. The geothermal gradient estimated from the BSR varies from 27 to 67°C/km. Corresponding heat flow values range from 24 to 60 mW/m2. The geothermal modeling shows a close match of the predicted base of the gas hydrate stability zone with the observed BSR depths.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Gas hydrates, Bottom simulating reflector, Krishna Godavari Basin, Base of hydrate stability zone, Heat flow ,Thermal modeling
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s11001-010-9089-6
ISSN: 0025-3235
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2015 08:09
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2015 08:09
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30142

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