Implication of seismic attenuation for gas hydrate resource characterization, Mallik, Mackenzie Delta, Canada.

Bellefleur, G., Riedel, Michael , Brent, T., Wright, F. and Dallimore, S. R. (2007) Implication of seismic attenuation for gas hydrate resource characterization, Mallik, Mackenzie Delta, Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth, 112 (B10). B10311. DOI 10.1029/2007JB004976.

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Abstract

Wave attenuation is an important physical property of hydrate-bearing sediments that is rarely taken into account in site characterization with seismic data. We present a field example showing improved images of hydrate-bearing sediments on seismic data after compensation of attenuation effects. Compressional quality factors estimated from zero-offset Vertical Seismic Profiling data acquired at Mallik, Northwest Territories, Canada, demonstrate significant wave attenuation for hydrate-bearing sediments. These results are in agreement with previous attenuation estimates obtained from sonic logs and crosshole data at different frequency intervals. The application of an inverse Q-filter to compensate attenuation effects of permafrost and hydrate-bearing sediments improved the resolution of surface 3D seismic data and its correlation with log data, particularly for the shallowest gas hydrate interval. Compensation of the attenuation effects of the permafrost likely explains most of the improvements for the shallow gas hydrate zone. Our results show that characterization of the Mallik gas hydrates with seismic data not corrected for attenuation would tend to overestimate thicknesses and lateral extent of hydrate-bearing strata and hence, the volume of hydrates in place.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Mallik, Mackenzie Delta, gas hydrates, seismic data
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2007JB004976
ISSN: 0148-0227
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2015 09:57
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2015 09:57
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30155

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