Amplitude and frequency anomalies in regional 3D seismic data surrounding the Mallik 5L-38 research site, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada.

Riedel, Michael , Bellefleur, G., Dallimore, S. R., Taylor, A. and Wright, J. F. (2006) Amplitude and frequency anomalies in regional 3D seismic data surrounding the Mallik 5L-38 research site, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada. Geophysics, 71 (6). B183-B191. DOI 10.1190/1.2338332.

Full text not available from this repository.

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Amplitude and frequency anomalies associated with lakes and drainage systems were observed in a 3D seismic data set acquired in the Mallik area, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada. The site is characterized by large gas hydrate deposits inferred from well-log analyses and coring. Regional interpretation of the gas hydrate occurrences is mainly based on seismic amplitude anomalies, such as brightening or blanking of seismic energy. Thus, the scope of this research is to understand the nature of the amplitude behavior in the seismic data. We have therefore analyzed the 3D seismic data to define areas with amplitude reduction due to contamination from lakes and channels and to distinguish them from areas where amplitude blanking may be a geologic signal. We have used the spectral ratio method to define attenuation (Q) over different areas in the 3D volume and subsequently applied Q-compensation to attenuate lateral variations ofdispersive absorption. Underneath larger lakes, seismic amplitude is reduced and the frequency content is reduced to Formula, which is half the original bandwidth. Traces with source-receiver pairs located inside of lakes show an attenuation factor Q of Formula, approximately half of that obtained for source-receiver pairs situated on deep, continuous permafrost outside of lakes. Deeper reflections occasionally identified underneath lakes show low-velocity-related pull-down. The vertical extent of the washout zones is enhanced by acquisition with limited offsets and from processing parameters such as harsh mute functions to reduce noise from surface waves. The strong attenuation and seismic pull-down may indicate the presence of unfrozen water in deeper lakes and unfrozen pore water within the sediments underlying the lakes. Thus, the blanking underneath lakes is not necessarily related to gas migration or other in situ changes in physical properties potentially associated with the presence of gas hydrate.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: seismology, lakes, well logging, Mallik area, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1190/1.2338332
ISSN: 0016-8033
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2015 10:47
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2015 10:47
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30165

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item