Post Pan-African thermo-tectonic evolution of the north Mozambican basement and its implication for the Gondwana rifting. Inferences from 40Ar/39Ar hornblende, biotite and titanite fission-track dating.

Daszinnies, M. C., Jacobs, J., Wartho, J.-A. and Grantham, G. H. (2009) Post Pan-African thermo-tectonic evolution of the north Mozambican basement and its implication for the Gondwana rifting. Inferences from 40Ar/39Ar hornblende, biotite and titanite fission-track dating. In: Thermochronological methods : from palaeotempertature constraints to landscape evolution models. , ed. by Lisker, Frank. Geological Society Special Publications, 324 . Geological Society, London, pp. 261-286. ISBN 978-1-86239-285-4 DOI 10.1144/SP324.18.

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Abstract

This research paper investigates the thermo-tectonic history of the north Mozambican basement subsequent to the Pan-African metamorphism. Six 40Ar/39Ar hornblende, three 40Ar/39Ar biotite and 25 titanite fission-track data place new constraints on the earliest timing of rifting in the central sector of Gondwana, and demonstrate a close linkage between the geometric rift configuration and the ductile metamorphic basement fabrics during the initial dispersal of the supercontinent.

The 40Ar/39Ar hornblende and biotite ages range from c. 542 to 456 Ma and from c. 448 to 428 Ma, respectively. These data record slow basement cooling after the latest Pan-African metamorphism at rates of c. 7–11 °C Ma−1 between Early and Late Ordovician times. Locally, syn- to post-tectonic granitoid emplacements around 500–450 Ma delayed basement cooling to Late Ordovician–Early Silurian times. The titanite fission-track (TFT) ages fall into two age groups of c. 378–327 Ma and c. 284–219 Ma. The older TFT ages record very slow cooling from the Late Ordovician–Early Silurian to below 275±25 °C in the Late Devonian–Early Carboniferous at slow rates of less than 1 °C Ma−1. This slow cooling is related to decreasing denudation in association with the establishment of pre-Karoo peneplains in central Gondwana. The younger TFT ages record denudation due to rift flank uplift in the context of initial Gondwana disintegration in the Mozambican sector. Corresponding Early–Late Permian crustal extension proceeded obliquely to a NW–SE tensional palaeo-stress field and was associated with a brittle reactivation of easterly trending ductile basement fabrics. In total, up to ≤9–12 km of denudation is deduced from the TFT results since Permo-Carboniferous times.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: Mozambican basement; thermo-tectonic evolution; Gondwana rifting
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1144/SP324.18
ISSN: 0305-8719
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2015 13:26
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2015 13:26
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30236

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