Symbiotic archaea in marine sponges show stability and host specificity in community structure and ammonia oxidation functionality.

Zhang, Fan, Pita Galan, Lucia , Erwin, Patrick M., Abaid, Summara, Lopez-Legentil, Susanna and Hill, Russell T. (2015) Symbiotic archaea in marine sponges show stability and host specificity in community structure and ammonia oxidation functionality. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 90 (3). pp. 699-707. DOI 10.1111/1574-6941.12427.

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Abstract

Archaea associated with marine sponges are active and influence the nitrogen metabolism of sponges. However, we know little about their occurrence, specificity, and persistence. We aimed to elucidate the relative importance of host specificity and biogeographic background in shaping the symbiotic archaeal communities. We investigated these communities in sympatric sponges from the Mediterranean (Ircinia fasciculata and Ircinia oros, sampled in summer and winter) and from the Caribbean (Ircinia strobilina and Mycale laxissima). PCR cloning and sequencing of archaeal 16S rRNA and amoA genes showed that the archaeal community composition and structure were different from that in seawater and varied among sponge species. We found that the communities were dominated by ammonia-oxidizing archaea closely related to Nitrosopumilus. The community in M. laxissima differed from that in Ircinia spp., including the sympatric sponge I. strobilina; yet, geographical clusters within Ircinia spp. were observed. Whereas archaeal phylotypes in Ircinia spp. were persistent and belong to 'sponge-enriched' clusters, archaea in M. laxissima were closely related with those from diverse habitats (i.e. seawater and sediments). For all four sponge species, the expression of the archaeal amoA gene was confirmed. Our results indicate that host-specific processes, such as host ecological strategy and evolutionary history, control the sponge-archaeal communities.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: 16S rRNA gene; Porifera; ammonia-oxidizing archaea; archaeal communities; microbial biogeography; symbiosis
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1111/1574-6941.12427
ISSN: 0168-6496
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2015 08:53
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 12:55
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30285

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