Shipping and natural environmental conditions determine the distribution of the invasive non-indigenous round goby Neogobius melanostomus in a regional sea.

Kotta, Jonne, Nurkse, Kristiina, Puntila, Riikka and Ojaveer, Henn (2016) Shipping and natural environmental conditions determine the distribution of the invasive non-indigenous round goby Neogobius melanostomus in a regional sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 169 . pp. 15-24. DOI 10.1016/j.ecss.2015.11.029.

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Abstract

Introductions of non-indigenous species (NIS) are considered a major threat to aquatic ecosystems worldwide. While it is valuable to know the distributions and ranges of NIS, predictive spatial models along different environmental gradients are more useful for management of these species. In this study we modelled how external drivers and local environmental conditions contribute to the spatial distribution of an invasive species using the distribution of the round goby Neogobius melanostomus in the Baltic Sea as an example. Using the collected distribution data, an updated map on the species distribution and its invasion progress in the Baltic Sea was produced. The current range of the round goby observations is extensive, covering all major sub-basins of the Baltic Sea. The most recent observations appeared in the northern regions (Northern Baltic Proper, the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland) and on the eastern and western coasts of southern Sweden. Modelling results show that the distribution of the round goby is primarily related to local abiotic hydrological conditions (wave exposure). Furthermore, the probability of round goby occurrence was very high in areas in close proximity to large cargo ports. This links patterns of the round goby distribution in the Baltic Sea to shipping traffic and suggests that human factors together with natural environmental conditions are responsible for the spread of NIS at a regional sea scale.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Eutrophication; Invasion ecology; MaxEnt model; Natural drivers; Shipping; Spatial modelling
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.ecss.2015.11.029
ISSN: 0272-7714
Projects: BONUS BIO-C3
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2015 10:53
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2015 10:53
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30636

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