Survival and settling of larval Macoma balthica in a large-scale mesocosm experiment at different fCO2 levels
Jansson, A., Lischka, Silke, Boxhammer, Tim, Schulz, Kai G. and Norkko, J. (2016) Survival and settling of larval Macoma balthica in a large-scale mesocosm experiment at different fCO2 levels Biogeosciences (BG), 12 (24). pp. 20411-20435. DOI 10.5194/bg-13-3377-2016.
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Anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are causing severe changes in the global inorganic carbon balance of the oceans. Associated ocean acidification is expected to impose a major threat to marine ecosystems worldwide, and it is also expected to be amplified in the Baltic Sea where the system is already at present exposed to relatively large natural seasonal and diel pH fluctuations. The response of organisms to future ocean acidification has primarily been studied in single-species experiments, whereas the knowledge of community-wide responses is still limited. To study responses of the Baltic Sea pelagic community to a range of future CO2-scenarios, six ∼ 55 m3 pelagic mesocosms were deployed in the northern Baltic Sea in June 2012. In this specific study we focused on the tolerance, development and subsequent settlement process of the larvae of the benthic key-species Macoma balthica when exposed to different levels of future CO2. We found that the settling of M. balthica was delayed along the increasing CO2 gradient of the mesocosms. Also, when exposed to increasing CO2 levels larvae settled at a larger size, indicating a developmental delay. With on-going climate change, both the frequency and extent of regularly occurring high CO2 conditions is likely to increase, and a permanent pH decrease will likely occur. The strong impact of increasing CO2 levels on early-stage bivalves is alarming as these stages are crucial for sustaining viable populations, and a failure in their recruitment would ultimately lead to negative effects on the population.
|Keywords:||CARBON-DIOXIDE CONCENTRATIONS; OCEAN ACIDIFICATION; BALTIC SEA; JUVENILE BIVALVES; TECHNICAL NOTE; MYA-ARENARIA; COMMUNITY; ECOSYSTEM; PH; SIZE|
|Research affiliation:||OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BI Biological Oceanography|
|Open Access Journal?:||Yes|
|Projects:||KOSMOS, BIOACID, SOPRAN|
|Date Deposited:||04 Jan 2016 11:15|
|Last Modified:||08 Aug 2016 11:35|
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