Fracture orientation and induced anisotropy of gas hydrate-bearing sediments in seismic chimney-like-structures of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea.

Kim, Gil Young, Narantsetseg, B., Ryu, B.-J., Yoo, D.-G., Lee, J. Y., Kim, H. S. and Riedel, Michael (2013) Fracture orientation and induced anisotropy of gas hydrate-bearing sediments in seismic chimney-like-structures of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 47 . pp. 182-194. DOI 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.06.001.

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Abstract

During drilling in 2010 in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea, Logging-While-Drilling (LWD) was conducted for thirteen sites. LWD data shows various characteristics indicating presence of gas hydrate-bearing sediments. In particular, a series seismic chimney sites are characterized by anomalous log data (i.e. high resistivity and velocity values), compared to surrounding marine sediments. At chimney sites, the resistivity and velocity log values are over 200 Ω-m and 3000 m/s, respectively. Moreover, log values of low density (less than 1.1 g/cm3) indicating the presence of massive hydrates also correlate with intervals with the highest resistivity and velocity. Gas hydrates at the seismic inferred chimney sites occurred within inclined fractures in the mud dominated sediments. These gas hydrate-filled fractures were identified on LWD resistivity images and X-ray images of pressure cores. The gas hydrate-filled fracture intervals coincide with high measured resistivity intervals at three sites (Sites UBGH2-3, UBGH2-7, UBGH2-11). In most cases, high measured resistivity translated into high hydrate saturations via Archie's relationship; but the high saturations derived from the Archie's relationship appear to overestimate gas hydrate saturations when compared to pressure core samples and acoustic log measurements. Also, in intervals with inclined gas hydrate-filled fractures (e.g., UBGH2-3), there is notable separation between phase-shift and attenuation resistivity logs, with 2 MHz resistivity measurements being significantly higher than 400 kHz resistivity measurements. In this study, the analysis of fractures with dip angles greater than 30° on the resistivity log-images show dip angles between 43 and 63° in average for the three sites examined. The dip azimuth of the fractures at Sites UBGH2-3 and UBGH2-7 dominate westerly to southwestern direction, while the fractures at Site UBGH2-11 are characterized by no preferred orientation. This fracture pattern indicates that maximum horizontal stress direction at the time of fracture formation was not constant. In addition, the differential compaction of the sediments after deposited may be contributed to the development of fracture.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Gas hydrate saturation, Electrical anisotropy, Fracture analysis, Ulleung Basin, East Sea
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2013.06.001
ISSN: 0264-8172
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2016 14:14
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2016 14:14
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30840

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