Evolution of subsea permafrost landscapes in Arctic Siberia since the Late Pleistocene: a synoptic insight from acoustic data of the Laptev Sea.

Rekant, P., Bauch, Henning A., Schwenk, T., Portnov, A., Gusev, E., Spiess, V., Cherkashov, G. and Kassens, Heidemarie (2015) Evolution of subsea permafrost landscapes in Arctic Siberia since the Late Pleistocene: a synoptic insight from acoustic data of the Laptev Sea. Arktos, 1 (11). DOI 10.1007/s41063-015-0011-y.

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Abstract

Using high-resolution seismic data, this study aims at investigating the evolution and morphological diversity of subsea permafrost features on the eastern Laptev Sea shelf, Arctic Siberia. Several seismic facies were recognized. These relate to the major environmental changes, which affected the Laptev Sea area before, during, and after the last global transgression. Because this shallow shelf was part of the Beringian landmass, we consider a prominent subsurface seismic basal reflector as the top of the former terrestrial permafrost table. Five zones differing in geometry, reflection patterns, depths, and continuity of the permafrost top are identified. Where visible, the upper 70 m of the sediments consists of epigenetically and syngenetically frozen ice-poor sandy deposits at the base, possibly of early last glacial age, marine isotope stages (MIS) 5 and 4. These are followed by late glacial, ice-rich facies interpreted to be MIS 3 to 2. The early Holocene (MIS 1) features well-stratified lagoonal and taberal deposits. As verified by radiocarbon-dated sediment cores, these deposits are overlain by middle to late Holocene sediments with an increasingly marine signature.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Arctic shelf, Laptev Sea, Subsea permafrost, High-resolution seismic
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1007/s41063-015-0011-y
ISSN: 2364-9453
Projects: Laptev Sea System, Permafrost, INTAS, Otto Schmidt Laboratory
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2016 09:01
Last Modified: 29 May 2018 10:02
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/30844

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