Recent Change - Marine Circulation and Stratification.

Elken, Jüri, Lehmann, Andreas and Myrberg, Kai (2015) Recent Change - Marine Circulation and Stratification. Open Access In: Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin. . Regional Climate Studies . Springer Open, Cham, pp. 131-144. ISBN 978-3-319-16006-1 DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_7.

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This chapter describes recent change in the circulation and stratification of the Baltic Sea. A recent warming trend in sea-surface waters has been clearly demonstrated by in situ measurements, remote sensing data and numerical models. Trends in sea-surface temperature (SST) for the past three to four decades based on remote sensing data generally agree with trends determined from in situ observations. Models suggest the current warming within the Baltic Sea lies within the range experienced during the past 500 years. The salinity and stratification of the deep waters are strongly linked to the major inflows of North Sea water that occur sporadically and bring high-saline water into the deep layers of the Baltic Sea. The major inflows normally occur during winter and spring and bring cold oxygen-rich waters into the deep basins. Since 1996, large inflows have also occurred during summer, bringing in warm low-oxygen water.

Document Type: Book chapter
Keywords: Marine circulation, stratification
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-TM Theory and Modeling
Open Access Journal?: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_7
ISSN: 1862-0248
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2016 12:02
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2017 08:30

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