The geochemistry of ashes from Vesterisbanken Seamount, Greenland Basin: implications for the evolution of an alkaline volcano.

Haase, K. M., Hartmann, M. and Wallrabe-Adams, H.-J. (1996) The geochemistry of ashes from Vesterisbanken Seamount, Greenland Basin: implications for the evolution of an alkaline volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 70 (1-2). pp. 1-19. DOI 10.1016/0377-0273(95)00059-3.

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Abstract

Sediment cores containing up to twenty-five ash layers were taken at three sites close to Vesterisbanken Seamount in the Greenland Basin. These ash layers imply frequent eruptions of the volcano within the last 60 ka. The eruptions led to airborne transport and volcaniclastic turbidity flows which transported volcanic glassy and crystalline material from the volcano into the surrounding basin. During the eruption and the transport the glass and the crystal particles were mixed. The glasses range in composition between basanites and phonolites/benmoreites with MgO contents of 8 to 0.65%. The glass analyses follow a distinct trend of fractionation suggesting the crystallization of the phases olivine, clinopyroxene, plagioclase, kaersutite, Cr-spinel, Ti-magnetite and apatite. A strong zonation of clinopyroxene and kaersutite phenocrysts implies mixing processes in the magma system although the liquid compositions do not lie on mixing trends. A geochemical study of the bulk ashes shows that some ash layers possess distinct chemical compositions. The ashes are more evolved than the lavas of the volcano, suggesting fractionation of liquid from crystallized material during the eruption or transport of the ashes. Sixteen layers are statistically combined into four groups, of which several can be correlated from core to core reflecting individual eruptive events.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Vesterisbanken Seamount; Greenland Basin; Alkaline volcano; RV Polarstern; ARK VII/1
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
Open Access Journal?: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0377-0273(95)00059-3
ISSN: 0377-0273
Expeditions/Models/Experiments:
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2016 10:26
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2017 12:18
URI: http://oceanrep.geomar.de/id/eprint/31271

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